Danish Experience in Life Cycle Management - case study of 5 Danish Companies
The focal point of this research is “How Life Cycle Management (LCM) has been implemented in each of the 5 Danish companies?” This question is addressed by investigating the social and environmental performance in every phase of “Plan-Do-Check-Act” circle in 5 Danish companies: Hartmann, Bang & Olufsen, Grundfos, Danfoss and Ericsson Diax.
LCM stems from life cycle thinking and deals with all 3 dimensions of sustainable development. Following the UNEP Guide to Life Cycle Management, the empirical cases were systematically examined and interpreted refer to three sorts of theory: Organizational Theory, Institutional Theory and Stakeholder Management. Research figured out that practically, LCM is a concept rather than a business management strategy.
Comparing with the UNEP Guide, LCM is partly implemented in all these companies. Main gaps that have been identified are limited internal communication, weak top management support, and lack in LCM knowledge. Such findings sever to provide a view of practical LCM in proactive Danish companies.